Robert Maurice Sapolsky Ph.D.
Professor & Chair
Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA.

Robert Maurice Sapolsky is an American scientist and author. He is currently Professor of Biological Sciences, and Professor of Neurology and Neurological Sciences and, by courtesy, Neurosurgery, at Stanford University. In addition, he is a Research Associate at the National Museums of Kenya.

Robert Maurice Sapolsky

Behavior. Sympathy for the CEO.
Sapolsky RM.
Science. 2011 Jul 15;333(6040):293-4.

Glucocorticoids exacerbate lipopolysaccharide-induced signaling in the frontal cortex and hippocampus in a dose-dependent manner.
Munhoz CD, Sorrells SF, Caso JR, Scavone C, Sapolsky RM.
J Neurosci. 2010 Oct 13;30(41):13690-8.

Anti-glucocorticoid gene therapy reverses the impairing effects of elevated corticosterone on spatial memory, hippocampal neuronal excitability, and synaptic plasticity.
Dumas TC, Gillette T, Ferguson D, Hamilton K, Sapolsky RM.
J Neurosci. 2010 Feb 3;30(5):1712-20.

Any kind of mother in a storm.
Sapolsky R.
Nat Neurosci. 2009 Nov;12(11):1355-6.

The stressed CNS: when glucocorticoids aggravate inflammation.
Sorrells SF, Caso JR, Munhoz CD, Sapolsky RM.
Neuron. 2009 Oct 15;64(1):33-9. Review.

Glucocorticoids can arm macrophages for innate immune battle.
Sorrells SF, Sapolsky RM.
Brain Behav Immun. 2010 Jan;24(1):17-8.

Changes in brain MicroRNAs contribute to cholinergic stress reactions.
Meerson A, Cacheaux L, Goosens KA, Sapolsky RM, Soreq H, Kaufer D.
J Mol Neurosci. 2010 Jan;40(1-2):47-55.

Resilience against predator stress and dendritic morphology of amygdala neurons.
Mitra R, Adamec R, Sapolsky R.
Behav Brain Res. 2009 Dec 28;205(2):535-43.

NAP protects against cytochrome c release: inhibition of the initiation of apoptosis.
Zemlyak I, Sapolsky R, Gozes I.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 Sep 15;618(1-3):9-14.

NAP protects against cyanide-related microtubule destruction.
Zemlyak I, Sapolsky R, Gozes I.
J Neural Transm. 2009 Nov;116(11):1411-6.

Mineralocorticoid receptor overexpression in basolateral amygdala reduces corticosterone secretion and anxiety.
Mitra R, Ferguson D, Sapolsky RM.
Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Oct 1;66(7):686-90.

Effects of overexpression of antioxidants on the release of cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor in the model of ischemia.
Zemlyak I, Brooke SM, Singh MH, Sapolsky RM.
Neurosci Lett. 2009 Apr 10;453(3):182-5.

The influence of stress hormones on fear circuitry.
Rodrigues SM, LeDoux JE, Sapolsky RM.
Annu Rev Neurosci. 2009;32:289-313. Review.

Effects of enrichment predominate over those of chronic stress on fear-related behavior in male rats.
Mitra R, Sapolsky RM.
Stress. 2009 Jul;12(4):305-12.

Disruption of fear memory through dual-hormone gene therapy.
Rodrigues SM, Sapolsky RM.
Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Mar 1;65(5):441-4.

Hippocampal-dependent learning requires a functional circadian system.
Ruby NF, Hwang CE, Wessells C, Fernandez F, Zhang P, Sapolsky R, Heller HC.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Oct 7;105(40):15593-8.

Blocking glucocorticoid and enhancing estrogenic genomic signaling protects against cerebral ischemia.
Cheng MY, Sun G, Jin M, Zhao H, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2009 Jan;29(1):130-6.

Overexpression of mineralocorticoid and transdominant glucocorticoid receptor blocks the impairing effects of glucocorticoids on memory.
Ferguson D, Sapolsky R.
Hippocampus. 2008;18(11):1103-11.

Viral vector-mediated blockade of the endocrine stress-response modulates non-spatial memory.
Ferguson D, Lin S, Sapolsky R.
Neurosci Lett. 2008 May 23;437(1):1-4.

Acute corticosterone treatment is sufficient to induce anxiety and amygdaloid dendritic hypertrophy.
Mitra R, Sapolsky RM.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Apr 8;105(14):5573-8.

Hypothermia blocks beta-catenin degradation after focal ischemia in rats.
Zhang H, Ren C, Gao X, Takahashi T, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK, Zhao H.
Brain Res. 2008 Mar 10;1198:182-7.

Anti-apoptotic therapy with a Tat fusion protein protects against excitotoxic insults in vitro and in vivo.
Ju KL, Manley NC, Sapolsky RM.
Exp Neurol. 2008 Apr;210(2):602-7.

Characterization of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression following a kainate model of status epilepticus.
Manley NC, Bertrand AA, Kinney KS, Hing TC, Sapolsky RM.
Brain Res. 2007 Nov 28;1182:138-43.

Conditions of protection by hypothermia and effects on apoptotic pathways in a rat model of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion.
Zhao H, Wang JQ, Shimohata T, Sun G, Yenari MA, Sapolsky RM, Steinberg GK.
J Neurosurg. 2007 Sep;107(3):636-41.

NAP protects hippocampal neurons against multiple toxins.
Zemlyak I, Manley N, Sapolsky R, Gozes I.
Peptides. 2007 Oct;28(10):2004-8.

General versus specific actions of mild-moderate hypothermia in attenuating cerebral ischemic damage.
Zhao H, Steinberg GK, Sapolsky RM.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2007 Dec;27(12):1879-94.